What is special about the carbide?
- Our carbide is a special formulation of carbide and additives designed for high speed, high feed machine applicaitons.
- Our carbide is also coated to improve edge wear and heat resistance providing longer tool life.
- The radius is larger than on standard brake carbide and provides for smoother surface finishes.
- We use a positive tool rake, which increases the ability to remove stock at higher feed rates while maintaining excellent surface finishes.
In closing, you can use the 104 carbide technology (insert) on the Model 102 and realize improved surface finishes, and increased tool life.
The 109-1092-32 uses a .032 radii. This means that the -32 has the potential to provide a smoother surface finish. (Standard inserts normally use a .016 in radii)
Positive rake tools can not be turned over, but they can be switched from side to side, which can potentially double the life (number of rotor surfaces) of the tool.
The Kwik-Way Heavy Duty Wheel Dresser
WHEELS commonly referred to as Seat Grinding Stones or Rocks.
The most common cause of wheel breakage is due to improper mounting and abusive and/or careless operation. Only through proper use, regular grinding machine maintenance, service and inspection procedures can wheel breakage be prevented.
It is the responsibility of the user to inspect, at regular intervals, to be certain that mounting flanges are in usable condition, are of proper size and shape and that no damage has occurred to the wheel or the machine.
The following DO'S and DONT'S should be used as a guide to safer grinding
|CHECK all wheels for CRACKS or other
DAMAGE before mounting.
|DON'T USE wheels WHICH HAVE BEEN
DROPPED or otherwise damaged.
|USE MOUNTING BLOTTERS when
supplied with wheels
|DON'T USE EXCESSIVE PRESSURE
WHEN MOUNTING wheel. Tighten nut only
enough to hold wheel firmly.
|Be sure WHEEL HOLE, threaded or
unthreaded, FITS machine arbor
PROPERLY and that flanges are clean, flat
and of the proper type for the wheel you
|DON'T USE HEAVY GRINDING
|Always RUN WHEEL WITH GUARD IN
PLACE at least one minute before grinding
|Always WEAR PROTECTIVE SAFETY
GLASSES or proper face shield.
|Wear a DUST RESPIRATOR, as dust
conditions are present in most grinding
IMPROPER USE MAY CAUSE BREAKAGE AND SERIOUS INJURY.
KWIK-WAY WHEEL DRESSER SET-UP
- Loosen handle #3 and rotate the pointer line until it aligns to the index angle desired and retighten.
- After attaching the correct grinding wheel to the grinder unit, carefully lower the grinder unit onto the dresser arbor item #1
- Loosen item #5 and raise or lower the arbor until the face of the wheel is in relative position to the diamond (#6). Retighten # 5
- Adjust the diamond #6 by turning the knurled knob #2 until the diamond is nearly in contact to the face of the grinding wheel.
- Engage the grinder motor hex drive to the hex cap on the grinder unit start the motor and begin dressing the wheel using handle # 4 and slowly sweeping the face. (Follow the directions below)
DRESSING OR TRUING THE VALVE SEAT WHEEL
It is necessary to true or dress seat wheels that have become dull or loaded, or have lost their form (angle). To obtain the best possible dress, observe the following.
- Feed the diamond into the wheel very slowly until the diamond just touches the wheel.
- Move the diamond across the face of the wheel beginning from the bottom and sweep up. A slow sweep will provide a smoother finish while a rapid sweep will provide a coarse finish.
NOTE: How the wheel is dressed will directly influence the finish of the valve seat. Take care when dressing the seat wheels, this will improve valve seat finish and increase diamond life. Check the dress of the wheel frequently during the seat grinding operation. It is better to dress frequently and remove a slight amount of wheel than to wait too long and have a necessity to remove an excessive amount to correct the wheel
Changing a valve seat stone angle is only advised if it is to increase the stone angle, i.e., taking a 15-degree angle wheel and making it a 30-degree.
It is not cost effective to attempt to reduce an angle, too much abrasive and diamond is required to perform this operation.
Kwik-Way Industries, Inc., began as the Cedar Rapids Engineering Company in 1920, providing a product sorely needed by the fledgling automobile and truck industry—a reliable, standardized way to reface engine valves. Until the Kwik-Way valve refacing machine was marketed, that process was performed, with difficulty, by hand. Charles C. Hahn, founder of the company, was a former blacksmith's apprentice who appreciated automobiles and wanted to solve some of their engine problems, such as valves warped by heat and wear. He queried machine tool makers around the country who not only lacked a lathe "chuck" to fit his needs but flatly told Hahn that such a tool couldn't be built.
Hahn persevered, however, and with R.H. Meister, an experienced machinist, founded Cedar Rapids Engineering Company. The partners hired a creative mechanical engineer, A.I. Dunn, and between them, the trio designed the chuck needed to reface engine valves. The device worked and the Kwik-Way valve facing machine was born.
The firm's first modest office and shop was located at 902 Seven teenth Street Northeast in Cedar Rapids, and measured only 20 by 20 feet. However, the new product caught on fast throughout the United States and the business grew. The company's first salesman was I.R. Goodwin, an energetic young man who made his money the hard way—covering the dusty roads of Nebraska, North and South Dakota, and northwestern Iowa by automobile, peddling his wares primarily to garages.
During World War II, Cedar Rapids Engineering Company put its close-tolerance machining skills to work grinding radio crystals for the Allied defense effort. As the company continued to expand, an eye was cast toward foreign markets. Although some sales had been made overseas almost by accident, it wasn't until 1962 that Kwik-Way machines were marketed abroad directly by Cedar Rapids Engineering Company. That year, overseas sales totaled $68,000; today, that annual figure amounts to several million dollars.
After Charles Hahn's death in the 1940s, control of the enterprise was assumed, first by his partner, R.H. Meister, and then by Hahn's two sons, F. Critz and H. Cedric. In 1968, Cedar Rapids Engineering Company was merged into the newly formed Kwik-Way Industries, Inc., headed by Thomas A. Parks and a new professional management team. The company acquired a Canadian firm in 1969, now called Kwik - Way Manufacturing of Canada, Ltd. In late 1973, Material Products Company, a steel fabricating firm, and Line-O-Tronics, Inc., maker of auto front-end alignment tools and wheel balancers, were acquired. Today Kwik-Way manufactures the automotive industry's most complete line of repair machinery.
A large industrial facility was built and occupied at 500 Fifty-seventh Street, Marion, in 1976. In 1 9 8 0 , the company employs approximately 300 people through its Marion facility, 140 at Rock Island, Illinois, and 50 at its facility at Toronto, Canada.
Our Van Norman Flywheel Grinders are one of the most profitable machines you could own. They are not difficult to operate or maintain and tend to last a long time without the need for service if you do the few things that need to be done to maintain them. With a little instruction just about anyone in your shop can grind a flywheel successfully. The setup is easy and the job itself goes very fast. Typically, you should be able to get about $100 per hour if you have steady work for your machine. Even if you don't have enough in-house work for it, you can likely get some outside jobs from other shops who don't have a flywheel grinder. There are also optional accessories available that allow you to do more than just grind flywheels. It's becoming more common for Heavy Duty Trucks to have disc brakes with rotors that can be ground on our Van Norman Flywheel grinders with our Optional HD Truck Rotor Kit.
Here’s a quick overview of how to set up and use your flywheel grinder.
Select the proper stone
Not all stones are created equal. Make sure you’re using the correct stone for the material you are grinding – cast steel, billet steel or cast iron. If you aren't sure, you can ask your Irontite Sales Associate to help you determine the best stone for the type of material you will be grinding. There are also CBN wheels that you can use. These are much more expensive, but they also last about 10 times longer and some technicians feel they provide a better cut. CBN wheels are not dressed by removing material like traditional grinding stones. Instead, there is a cleaning stick that is used to remove any stuck-on material from the cutting surface of the CBN Wheel.
General Purpose Stone CBN Wheel
Mount and Dress the Stone
Follow our guidelines found in this section of the website for the correct dressing technique. The article was originally written for valve seat grinding stones, but the dressing principles apply to any grinding stone. You can view this Article here. The Van Norman Flywheel Grinders typically come with a Star Wheel dresser, but there is also a Diamond Dresser available. And, of course, if you are using a CBN wheel, then you do NOT want to use either of these dressing methods. Your dressing technique will influence how the stone reacts against the flywheel material. Basically, a quick pass dress will open the pores of the stone and deliver a rougher finish but cut more aggressively, and a more slow pass will close up the pores delivering a finer finish. You should vary your technique to determine which method is best suited for the flywheel you are grinding.
Coolant, coolant, coolant
Be sure to check your coolant reservoir and skim the tramp oils on a regular basis, especially during the heat of summer. Your coolant will experience some evaporation. A good way to combat loss of coolant is to mix the coolant in a separate 5-gallon container with a lid so that as you need additional coolant it will already be mixed and ready to pour in. This will also prevent altering the coolant mix ratio that can happen when you add a little more water here and there and then maybe a splash of concentrate and before you know it your coolant is too watery and things rust or it's too concentrated and your grinder isn't cutting like it should.
The coolant you use and how it's mixed can greatly affect the effectiveness of your grinder. Irontite has spent considerable time researching and experimenting with all different kinds of grinding coolant concentrates at differing mix ratios to come up with our recommended coolant concentrate product and the best mix ratio for most operations. As always, if you have questions, your Irontite Sales Associates are knowledgable about our products and can help you make an informed choice. They are at 800-553-5953 during regular business hours.
Ideally, you would just have a schedule for changing your coolant, but every shop is different and some weeks the grinder is busy while others it's not, so here are 3 ways you can tell if your coolant needs to be changed:
- The coolant is so dirty you can't see through it
- You find yourself dressing the stone more often than normal
- You can feel more than one inch of sludge in the reservoir
A great tip/trick is to get a powerful magnet (they have gotten inexpensive in recent years if you shop for one), something about the size of a drink coaster or a little smaller and place it in your coolant reservoir on the bottom as far away from the pump as you can. This will attract the metal shavings and prevent them from flowing back up to the work site. Another idea is to create your own larger reservoir with a sludge trap of some kind to continuously filter the coolant.
Be sure to inform everyone who uses the machine to never use any other chemicals on parts that are on or over the machining surface. Using something like rust preventitive on a part still attached to the grinding table can contaminate the coolant in short order. So it's best to just have a rule that you always remove any items from the machine and never use anything other than coolant while at the grinder.
Remove any dowel pins prior to mounting the work piece using a dowel pin puller. Be sure to keep track of the dowel pins and return them to your customer. When mounting, use the crankshaft-mounting flange as your reference. It's important to clean and deburr the flange and table surface before mounting. Select the appropriate flange adaptor and a centering cone. Tighten the centering cone bolt to secure the assembly to the table. Insure there is no movement and rotate the table to be sure the grinding wheel is not going to contact anything that it should not. When doing a stepped flywheel, keep in mind that the torque of the grinding motor can make the stone move slightly and you want to insure that the stone will not bump up against the wall of a step. This could cause internal cracking in a stone that will lead to the stone breaking aggressively.
There are also many optional mounting kits to help you mount all different kinds of flywheels and other types of materal. Here are several to choose from.
Hand feed the grinding wheel so that it almost touches the work piece. Put on your safety face shield and position the machine’s grinding wheel safety shield and the coolant shroud protective shield. Turn on the coolant, then the table, then the grinding motor. Manually feed the stone into contact with the work piece. You will know the stone is about to touch when the coolant on the back side of the stone begins to foam slightly. Now feed approximately .001 per revolution of the work piece. A constant spark pattern is necessary for efficient grinding. This will also cause the stone to break down and keep cutting more freely as well as keeping the stone from loading up. There will be times that you will need to stop grinding and redress the stone. If you are using a CBN wheel and it's making a lot of noise (singing) this is typically a lack of necessary downward pressure. CBN wheels require fairly aggressive cutting pressure. Or it could be dirty coolant or the CBN wheel needing to be cleaned with a CBN Dressing Stick. Continue grinding until you obtain both the finish and specification required for the flywheel.
If you have the auto-feed option on your grinding machine, you can set the depth of cut you want and use the auto feed rate knob to adjust how aggressive the cut will be.
Most manual machines will grind the average flywheel in about 10 to 15 minutes. Larger diesel type flywheels will take longer but you can charge more for those. The average labor charge for a flat flywheel is about $35 to $45. The labor charge for larger diesel flywheels averages $65 to $125
Maintenance … is key
It's critical the flywheel grinder is level for proper operation. This is because the table actually floats on a bath of special lubricant called Table Lube. If the table is not level, then it can leak table lube and/or set up an unwanted wear pattern on the under side of the table. Eventually this can cause serious problems with the machine's operation and obtaining good flat grinds. Always keep the site jar located in the back right corner of the machine filled with table lube. This keeps the level under the table up and also feeds the lubricating wick in the neck of the grinder column. There is also a dip stick for checking your table lube, but, in most cases, if you keep your site glass jar filled you won't need to use the dip stick.
Grinding is a dirty business. It makes your grinder dirty. However, you can extend the grinder’s life and profitability by wiping down the inside and outside after every job. A coat of wax for any painted metal surface will go that extra mile. The wax will make the wipe down go much easier too. The inside of the coolant shroud also needs to be cleaned and waxed to prevent crud build up. If you don't wipe after every job, the build up of all the stuff splashing around will attach and harden making it extremely difficult to ever get off and will also hinder a wipe-down by catching your cloth.
Use a deburring stone to knock down any dings or dents that occur on the grinding table when mounting flywheels. This little procedure will increase the accuracy of your flywheel set-up. Inspect all your tooling and adapter rings before using. You are cleaning them anyway, why not pay attention to them and see if you have any marks that could introduce problems. If so, get them replaced right away.
Use a wire brush on the threads of your hold-down bolts so they don’t carry debris into the threads of your center-mounting hole. It’s also a good idea to periodically replace the center bolt hole thread. Our EZ-Lok replacements make it quick and easy to keep your mounting threads like new. These come with locktite red on them so you may need to use a little heat to get them free from the table. But changing them on a regular basis will keep your table and its spindle in good shape for many, many years. Organize your tool board so you can quickly find the necessary tooling for mounting the next flywheel.
Check all Lubrication
Always double check your instruction and parts manual to be sure you use the recommended lubricants for your machine.
Open the back of your machine and find the leadscrew. The leadscrew needs to be clean and well lubricated. It’s always best to use the leadscrew Lube specified in the owners manual. There should be a leadscrew nut that the leadscrew goes through. This nut also needs to be lubricated and has an adjustment procedure to keep your machine from having "head drop". The owners manual gives you step-by-step instructions for this. It's a good practice to run your grinder column all the way to the top and all the way down at least once a week. This is to help keep the leadscrew lube distributed over the entire leadscrew. Over time, most operation takes place in the same small area of the leadscrew forcing the lube away. Running the head up and down redistributes the lube.
The grinding head locking system only needs to be adjusted if after locking you can move the head. Over time, the head may become difficult to move from side to side. After you insure that this problem is not because the lock is engaged, there are 2 grease zerks on the opposite side of the column where you can apply regular automotive grease to lube the column top.
Also, check to make sure the grinding head tilt is what the manufacturer designates and adjust accordingly. Inspect your dresser. Some machines have a star dresser and others have a diamond. Make sure the star is rotating and spins freely. If it doesn’t, it’s time to replace it. For machines that have a diamond, make sure it’s sharp and periodically rotated to insure even wear. Always replace if in doubt.
Always measure - never guess!
It’s a good idea to use a dial indicator when determining how much material is being removed. The leadscrews are very accurate, however, they are no replacement for actual measurement of how much of the stone wore away during the grinding process. This is even more critical when you are working on a stepped type flywheel. You must insure you remove the exact amount of material from the pressure plate surface as you do for the clutch disc surface to insure the original geometry stays intact.
Taking care of your flywheel grinder will allow it to make money for you for many years. And if and when you do decide to upgrade or replace it for a new machine, it will have a higher resale value.
Remember, if you have more questions, contact Irontite Products Inc at 800-553-5953
Valve Grinder Chuck Inspection
Chuck accuracy is critical to producing a quality valve job.
Most O.E.M.'s require a valve face run-out to be below .0015. To accomplish this, the chuck in a valve grinder must not only run-out below .0015, but must repeat this every time.
High performance engines require even greater accuracy. In some cases run-out must be below .0005.
Start by finding a known round and straight part. A valve seat pilot, carbide if you have one will work very well. If you do not have one, use a section of drill rod that is straight and round. This will be your test piece.
- Insert the test piece into the chuck so that it is gripped correctly and has at least two inches of protrusion past the face of the chuck.
- Install a dial indicator (.0000 reading if possible) so as to have the plunger contact the test piece one inch from the face of the chuck.
- Turn the machine on and observe the indicator as the chuck is rotating. The reading at this point should not exceed .0015.
If the reading is inexcess of the .0015, you can first disassemble the chuck and clean it thoroughly. (Follow directions given in the machine manual). Examine the ramps on which the ball bearings ride, if wear is evident (grooves), the chuck will require placement. Kwik-Way provides new chucks that have less than .0005 run out and for the standard SVSIID and a Hi-Performance version with less than .0002 run out.
If you have any quesitons in regards to chuck performance, or if you need a replacement chuck, contact;
Kwik-Way Tech Services at 800-553-5953.